Even her end is difficult to fit into a Holocaust narrative. Helm is a tireless researcher. It is hard to make a general claim based on evidence from so special a place. Show 25 25 50 All. Both she and her husband were deviationists, more interested in fighting fascism than in party orthodoxy. Her career ended in But, in the quantitative league tables of Nazi crime, these numbers scarcely register.
Whatever this represents it is not vernichtung — the rendering into nothing — that was the work of the death camps and the death squads, the Einsatzgruppen.
In the first place, the number of Jews there was always relatively small in comparison with other categories of prisoners; Himmler declared it Judenfrei after the last thousand or so Jewish women were sent to Auschwitz in late For the communist regime she represented anti-fascist heroism and brought the camp into line with the official state narrative which held that all the perpetrators were in the west and all the resisters in the east. The Nazi doctors who created wounds in the Polish experimental subjects and infected them with dirt and glass in order to test cures for gas gangrene worked at Auschwitz and used male subjects, too. InStalin handed her over along with other heterodox German communists to Hitler. Helm never explains why the regime kept it up.